Dr. Sayyad's Orthopaedic Clinic

Hip Dislocation

Emergency Number

Hip dislocation is a medical condition where the femoral head (the ball-shaped top of the thigh bone) comes out of the socket in the hip bone. This disruption of the hip joint’s normal alignment can result in significant pain, limited mobility, and requires prompt medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.


  1. Trauma: The most common cause of hip dislocation is a severe injury or trauma, often resulting from high-impact accidents such as car crashes or falls from a height.

  2. Sports Injuries: Athletes, especially those involved in contact sports, may experience hip dislocation due to forceful impacts or awkward landings.

  3. Congenital Factors: Some individuals may be more predisposed to hip instability due to congenital conditions or developmental abnormalities in the hip joint.

  4. Joint Hypermobility: People with unusually flexible joints may be at a higher risk of hip dislocation, particularly if they engage in activities that put stress on the hip joint.


  1. Severe Pain: Hip dislocation typically causes intense pain in the hip and groin area. The pain may worsen with movement.

  2. Limited Mobility: Patients often find it challenging or impossible to move the affected hip. There may be a noticeable deformity or asymmetry in the hip joint.

  3. Numbness or Tingling: In some cases, nerve compression or damage during the dislocation may result in numbness or tingling sensations in the affected leg.

  4. Swelling and Bruising: The hip region may become swollen and bruised due to the trauma associated with the dislocation.

  5. Inability to Bear Weight: Individuals with a hip dislocation may find it difficult or impossible to bear weight on the affected leg.


  1. Physical Examination: A thorough physical examination by a healthcare professional is crucial to assess the extent of the injury, identify deformities, and evaluate mobility.

  2. Imaging Studies: X-rays and, in some cases, advanced imaging such as CT scans or MRI may be used to confirm the diagnosis, assess damage to surrounding structures, and guide treatment planning.


  1. Emergency Reduction: The immediate goal is to return the dislocated hip to its normal position. This often requires a procedure called closed reduction, where the doctor manually manipulates the hip back into place.

  2. Immobilization: Following reduction, the patient may need to wear a brace or undergo other forms of immobilization to allow the hip joint to heal.

  3. Rehabilitation: Physical therapy is crucial to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion. Rehabilitation helps prevent complications and promotes a full recovery.

  4. Surgical Intervention: In some cases, especially when there is associated damage to the hip joint or recurrent dislocations, surgery may be necessary to stabilize the joint.


While some hip dislocations result from unavoidable accidents, preventive measures include:

  • Wearing appropriate protective gear during sports activities.
  • Taking precautions to prevent falls, especially in elderly individuals.
  • Seeking medical attention for congenital hip conditions.


Hip dislocation is a serious injury that requires prompt and comprehensive medical care. Understanding the causes, recognizing symptoms, and seeking timely treatment are essential for a successful recovery and to minimize potential long-term complications. If you suspect a hip dislocation, seek immediate medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate intervention.

Book an Appointment