Dr. Sayyad's Orthopaedic Clinic

Hip Fracture

Emergency Number

A hip fracture is a serious injury that involves a break in the upper part of the femur (thigh bone) or the pelvic bone around the hip joint. This injury is commonly associated with aging and osteoporosis, a condition characterized by weakened bones. Hip fractures often require prompt medical attention due to their impact on mobility and the potential for complications.


Several factors contribute to the occurrence of hip fractures:

  1. Osteoporosis: Weakening of bones due to aging or other medical conditions makes them more susceptible to fractures.

  2. Trauma: A fall or direct blow to the hip, often seen in accidents or sports injuries, can cause fractures.

  3. Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as cancer or metabolic disorders, can weaken bones and increase the risk of hip fractures.

  4. Nutritional Deficiencies: Lack of proper nutrition, particularly calcium and vitamin D, can contribute to bone fragility.

  5. Medications: Long-term use of certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can weaken bones and increase fracture risk.


Signs and symptoms of a hip fracture may include:

  1. Severe Pain: Sudden and intense pain in the hip or groin area is a common symptom.

  2. Inability to Bear Weight: Difficulty or inability to put weight on the affected leg.

  3. Swelling and Bruising: Swelling and bruising around the hip or thigh area may be visible.

  4. Leg Shortening or Rotation: The injured leg may appear shorter or turned outward compared to the unaffected leg.

  5. Limited Range of Motion: Reduced ability to move the hip or perform certain movements.


A healthcare professional will perform a physical examination, assess the patient’s medical history, and order imaging studies, such as X-rays or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to confirm the presence and severity of the hip fracture.


Treatment for a hip fracture often involves surgical intervention, especially for displaced fractures. Common surgical procedures include:

  1. Hip Pinning or Fixation: Stabilizing the fracture using screws, pins, or plates.

  2. Hip Replacement: In cases of severe fractures, a partial or total hip replacement may be necessary.

  3. Rehabilitation: Following surgery, rehabilitation and physical therapy are crucial for restoring strength, flexibility, and mobility. This helps prevent complications such as blood clots and pneumonia.

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