Dr. Sayyad's Orthopaedic Clinic


Shoulder Instability Treatment

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Shoulder instability is a condition characterized by the excessive movement of the shoulder joint, leading to a range of symptoms and potential dislocations. This necessitates prompt and effective treatment to restore stability, alleviate symptoms, and prevent recurrent dislocations.


  1. Shoulder Dislocation: A primary symptom, where the upper arm bone (humerus) comes out of the shoulder socket.
  2. Pain and Swelling: Persistent pain and swelling around the shoulder joint, often exacerbated by movement.
  3. Weakness: Reduced strength in the affected arm due to compromised stability.
  4. Instability Sensation: Feeling that the shoulder is loose or slipping out of place, termed as apprehension.


Accurate diagnosis involves a thorough examination, medical history review, and imaging studies such as X-rays, MRIs, or CT scans. Understanding the extent and nature of instability guides the appropriate treatment plan.

Non-Surgical Approaches:

  1. Physical Therapy: Targeted exercises to strengthen the shoulder muscles, enhancing stability.
  2. Bracing and Support: Wearing a brace or sling to restrict movement and facilitate healing.
  3. Medication: Pain management with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Surgical Interventions:

  1. Arthroscopic Stabilization: Minimally invasive surgery using a tiny camera and specialized instruments to repair torn ligaments.
  2. Open Stabilization: In cases of severe instability, open surgery may be necessary for a more extensive reconstruction.
  3. Capsular Shift: Tightening the shoulder capsule to enhance joint stability.
  4. Bankart Repair: Reconstruction of the torn labrum (a rim of cartilage around the socket).


Post-surgery, a structured rehabilitation program is crucial for optimal recovery. It typically includes:

  1. Range of Motion Exercises: Gradual introduction to shoulder movement.
  2. Strength Training: Progressive exercises to rebuild muscle strength.
  3. Functional Activities: Integrating daily tasks to ensure the shoulder can handle everyday demands.

Complications and Follow-up:

  1. Recurrence: Despite treatment, there is a risk of recurrent instability, necessitating ongoing monitoring.
  2. Frozen Shoulder: Stiffness and limited mobility may occur post-surgery, requiring additional rehabilitation.

Preventive Measures:

  1. Strengthening Exercises: Regular exercises to maintain shoulder muscle strength.
  2. Proper Technique: Ensuring correct techniques during physical activities to prevent injuries.
  3. Avoiding Overuse: Limiting repetitive, high-impact activities that strain the shoulder joint.

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